Blood Spot Test

This is a blood test performed one day  your menstrual cycle .  This includes testing for LH, FSH, DHEA, Progesterone, Estrogen and Testosterone.

LH (Lutenizing Hormone) - Is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that helps regulate the menstrual cycle and ovulation. The level of LH in a woman’s body varies with the phase of the menstrual cycle. It increases rapidly just before ovulation occurs, about midway through the cycle (day 14 of a 28-day cycle). This is called an LH surge. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels rise and fall together during the monthly menstrual cycle.  In men, LH stimulates the production of testosterone, which plays a role in sperm production.

FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)- Is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that  helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs by the ovaries. The amount of FSH varies throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle and is highest just before she releases an egg (ovulates).  In men, FSH helps control the production of sperm. The amount of FSH in men normally remains constant.

DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone)- Is a hormone that’s naturally produced by the adrenal glands. Levels of DHEA naturally drop after age 30.  A number of studies have found that DHEA supplements may help people with depression, obesity, lupus, and adrenal insufficiency. DHEA may also improve skin in older people and help treat osteoporosis, vaginal atrophy, erectile dysfunction, and some psychological conditions.  Low DHEA levels are associated with aging and a number of diseases, such as anorexia, type 2 diabetes, and HIV. In older men, having low levels of DHEA is also associated with a higher chance of death.  DHEA is used by some people who want to “reverse” aging and boost immunity, cognitive function, and muscle strength. DHEA has been studied as a treatment for other conditions, ranging from cardiovascular disease to menopause to Alzheimer’s. The results have been unclear, more research is needed.

Progesterone- Is a female hormone produced by the ovaries during release of a mature egg from an ovary (ovulation). Progesterone helps prepare the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to receive the egg if it becomes fertilized by a sperm. If the egg is not fertilized, progesterone levels drop and menstrual bleeding begins.

Estrogen- Is a hormone produced by the ovaries.  At mid-cycle, levels suddenly spike, triggering the release of an egg (ovulation). They then fall just as quickly. During the rest of the month, estrogen levels climb and fall gradually.  Normal estrogen levels vary widely. Large differences are typical in a woman on different days, or between two women on the same day of their cycles.   Estrogen acts everywhere in the body, including the parts of the brain that control emotion.   There are three main types of estrogen: Estriol is made from the placenta. It’s produced during pregnancy. Estradiol is the primary sex hormone of childbearing women. It is formed from developing ovarian follicles. Estradiol is responsible for female characteristics and sexual functioning. Also, estradiol is important to women’s bone health. Estradiol contributes to most gynecologic problems, including endometriosis and fibroids and even female cancers. Estrone is widespread throughout the body. It is the only estrogen present after menopause.

Some of estrogen’s effects include:

  • Increasing serotonin, and the number of serotonin receptors in the brain
  • Modifying the production and the effects of endorphins, the “feel-good” chemicals in the brain
  • Protecting nerves from damage, and possibly stimulating nerve growth

Testosterone- Is a hormone produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands in women.  Testosterone is involved libido and assisting the promotion of muscle mass in women.

Together your hormones are a delicate balance that lead to optimal health.